This is usually not the case with retired racing Greyhounds. , Greyhounds live most happily as pets in quiet environments.  This is due to their prey-drive, their speed, and the assertion that Greyhounds have no road sense. In Homer’s Odyssey, the only one who recognized Odysseus after his 20-year absence was his faithful greyhound, Argus. The origin of the name “greyhound” is lost in antiquity, but it almost certainly does not refer to the color of the dog. airorg Animal Intervention and Rescue, Inc. history of the Greyhound dogs puppies adopt don't shop spay & neuter Let’s begin at the beginning. , Due to the Greyhound's unique physiology and anatomy, a veterinarian who understands the issues relevant to the breed is generally needed when the dogs need treatment, particularly when anesthesia is required. By the ninth century, the breed could be found throughout Europe, and Spanish explorers brought them to the Americas in the 1500s.  They do well in families with children, as long as the children are taught to treat the dog properly with politeness and appropriate respect.  Conversely, Greyhounds have lower levels of platelets than other breeds. Greyhound owners consider Greyhounds wonderful pets. All sight hounds that we know today (dogs that hunt by sight rather than scent) descended from the ancient greyhound. So far back, no one really knows when they first appeared. All modern, pure-bred pedigree Greyhounds are derived from the Greyhound stock recorded and registered, firstly in the private 18th century, then public 19th century studbooks, which ultimately were registered with coursing, racing, and kennel club authorities of the United Kingdom. Greyhound ancestry stretches back to ancient Egypt, where these hounds were used to find, chase, and catch wildlife in the desert. The Egyptians kept these dogs as hunters and royal pets, and their ability to run down even the fastest prey made them especially valuable in … During the 1920s, modern greyhound racing was introduced into the United States, England (1926), Northern Ireland (1927), Scotland (1927) and the Republic of Ireland (1927). "Double suspension rotary gallop" describes the fastest running gait of the Greyhound in which all four feet are free from the ground in two phases, contracted and extended, during each full stride. A very common misconception regarding Greyhounds is that they are hyperactive.  The Greyhound can reach a full speed of 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph) within 30 metres (98 ft), or six strides from the boxes, traveling at almost 20 metres per second (66 ft/s) for the first 250 metres (820 ft) of a race.. They are a descendent of the Egyptian Pharaoh Hound which is often seen in Egyptian art and hieroglyphics. "Hund" is the antecedent of the modern "hound", but the meaning of "grig" is undetermined, other than in reference to dogs in Old English and Old Norse. The lighter colors, patch-like markings and white appeared in the breed that was once ordinarily grey in color. Greyhound, also spelled grayhound, fastest of dogs, one of the oldest of breeds, and long symbolic of the aristocracy. Its origin does not appear to have any common root with the modern word "grey" for color, and indeed the Greyhound is seen with a wide variety of coat colors. Greyhounds stand tall and can be nearer to your hip than your knee. Greyhound racing became very popular with the working classes in America and Britian. , It is a gentle and intelligent breed whose combination of long, powerful legs, deep chest, flexible spine and slim build allows it to reach average race speeds exceeding 64 kilometres per hour (40 mph). The ancient skeletal remains of a dog identified as being of the greyhound/saluki form was excavated at Tell Brak in modern Syria, and dated to approximately 4,000 years before present. Greyhound Dog Breed History, Characteristics & Basic Facts. Greyhound Adoption Program – Is a Greyhound Right for You? King James Version, Proverbs, 30:29-31. In 1912, Owen Patrick Smith developed and patented a mechanical lure in North America that would run around an oval track, and the sport of greyhound racing was born. The Italian Greyhound breed is believed to have originated in Mediterranean lands, known today as Greece and Turkey, more than 2,000 years ago. Grey colored greyhounds are rare, and are not referred to as grey, but as “blue”. This breed has won the admiration of many different cultures, and greyhounds are the only dog breed to be mentioned in the Bible. , In the United States, aside from professional racing, many Greyhounds enjoy success on the amateur race track.  Greyhounds demonstrate unusual blood chemistry , which can be misread by veterinarians not familiar with the breed and can result in an incorrect diagnosis. Egyptian, Roman and Greek nobility treated greyhounds as honored family members.  In some jurisdictions, it is illegal for Greyhounds to be allowed off-leash even in off-leash dog parks. The dog in prehistoric and early historic Britain. Every greyhound alive today can trace its lineage back to one dog, Differences between greyhounds and other breeds, Your greyhound’s early life and racing career, Your Greyhound’s First Few Days In Your Home. Dogged persistence: the phenomenon of canine skeletal uniformity in British prehistory. Both Chaucer and Shakespeare immortalized greyhounds in literature.  Australia also has a significant racing culture. The bloodline of the sleek and beautiful breed of Greyhound date far back in mankind's history. And you can trace your greyhounds history. , Occasionally, a Greyhound may bark; however, Greyhounds are generally not barkers, which is beneficial in suburban environments, and are usually as friendly to strangers as they are with their own families.. Records have shown that nearly 4000 years ago, the Egyptians had learnt to domesticate the dog, using primarily as a hunting partner, but evidence also suggests that they were loyal pets as well. A greyt book all about your greyhound’s past is The Reign of the Greyhound — A Popular History of the Oldest Family of Dogs, by Cynthia Branigan. In 1923 the Miami Kennel Club in Hialeah, FL became the first greyhound race track to use this system. The Whippet (also English Whippet or Snap Dog) is a dog breed of medium size.  Greyhounds have very short fur, which is easy to maintain. History of the Greyhound Dog: Part 1 of 4 The history of the Greyhound dog starts with the bloodline of this sleek and beautiful breed of dogs and dates far back in mankind's history. Many owners describe their Greyhounds as "45-mile-per-hour couch potatoes".  Some greyhounds are susceptible to corns on their paw pads, a variety of methods are used to treat them. Although it wasn’t recognised by the AKC until 1885. Due to their calm temperament, Greyhounds can make better "apartment dogs" than smaller, more active breeds. History of Greyhound Racing The history of greyhound racing in the United States of America The first recognized commercial greyhound racetrack in the world was built in Emeryville, California in 1919 by Owen Patrick Smith and the Blue Star Amusement Company. Greyhounds became the first European dog in the New World when they accompanied Christopher Columbus on his second expedition, which set sail from Spain in September 1493. IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., Foster City, CA. In fact, the breed has been called the "40 mph couch potato." Throughout history, greyhounds have been prized and revered. "Greyhound Dog Breed Information, Pictures, Characteristics & Facts", "American Kennel Club – Breed Colors and Markings", "Greyhound Adoption League of Texas, Inc. - About the Athletes", "SEGA_Foster_Manual_V7_FINAL_JUne_2006.doc". Madden, Raymond (2010) 'Imagining the greyhound: 'Racing' and 'rescue' narratives in a human and dog relationship'. Whether a Greyhound will enjoy the company of other small animals, such as cats, depends on the individual dog's personality. The slender, long-legged sighthound hunts by spotting the movement of a prey animal across a vast distance, then running the animal down with lightning speed. Greyhounds are typically a healthy and long-lived breed, and hereditary illness is rare. Track Racing Around 1912, Owen Patrick Smith invented the mechanical lure. Greyhounds appear in both Greek and Roman mythology. The Greyhound is the only dog mentioned by name in the Bible; many versions, including the King James version, name the Greyhound as one of the "four things stately" in the Proverbs. Greyhounds have a long history which some have claimed dates back to Ancient Egyptian times. Before long it spread to Irel… Modern Greyhounds are often seen as racing dogs, a sport that became popular in the 19th Century. For other uses, see. Greyhound racing is an organized, competitive sport in which greyhounds are raced around a track. Shakespeare mentions greyhounds in Henry V. Frederick the Great of Prussia asked in his will to be buried with his beloved greyhounds. , The original primary use of Greyhounds, both in the British Isles and on the Continent of Europe, was in the coursing of deer for meat and sport; later, specifically in Britain, they specialized in competition hare coursing.  Some Greyhounds are still used for coursing, although artificial lure sports like lure coursing and racing are far more common and popular. Moreover, the nobles became so enamored of their phenomenal hunting dogs that it was a capital offense to kill a greyhound. Due to their size and strength, adoption groups recommend that fences be between 4 and 6 feet tall, to prevent Greyhounds from jumping over them. ", This article is about the breed of dog. Greyhound-type dogs of small, medium, and large size, would appear to have been bred across Europe since that time. Fun fact: The Greyhound is one of the most ancient breeds. Ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans likely had Greyhound-type dogs. This book is available at your local book seller or through Amazon.com. In fact, Greek historians during the years 100 A.D. used to write about how Greyhounds were proudly owned by true sportsmen, whom would race their dogs with hares, while most other dogs were used to hunt them. The Greyhound Dog is a strong and healthy breed. Many guides and books have been published to aid Greyhound owners in helping their pet get comfortable in their new home. Some Greyhounds have been known to develop esophageal achalasia, gastric dilatation volvulus (also known as bloat), and osteosarcoma. Their DNA is different from those desert breeds and unique. Greyhounds are the oldest purebred dog, dating to the time of the Pharaohs. Blythe, Linda, Gannon, James, Craig, A. Morrie, and Fegan, Desmond P. (2007). What You Can Discover 1. Greyhound History. Share Greyhounds go way back. The greyhound is a friendly pack-oriented breed and will readily adopt a family as his own. Systematic archaeozoology of the British Isles, 1974  ruled out the existence of a true greyhound-type in Britain prior to the Roman occupation, confirmed in 2000. Snow, D.H. and Harris R.C. , Greyhounds have higher levels of red blood cells than other breeds.  Greyhounds can live comfortably as apartment dogs, as they do not require much space and sleep almost 18 hours per day. Greyhounds are the oldest purebred dog, dating to the time of the Pharaohs. Ancient gods, like Diana and Artemis had greyhounds as their companions of choice. Greyhounds are by far the fastest breed of dog. Greyhounds were among the first at American dog shows, and they have an entry of 18 listed in the first Westminster Kennel Club catalog in 1877. Since the early 1990’s when greyhounds first became widely available for adoption, many thousands of greyhounds have been adopted as pets after their racing days are over.  They are very loving, and enjoy the company of their humans and other dogs. Although not all dogs are in the online databases below, you have a pretty good chance of finding your greyhound in one of them if he once raced. History. Human life at times was valued less than the life of one such dog. They were likely not the legendary dogs of the Pharaohs. All modern pedigree Greyhounds derive from the Greyhound stock recorded and registered first in private studbooks in the 18th century, then in public studbooks in the 19th century, which ultimately were registered with coursing, racing, and kennel club authorities of the United Kingdom. Copyright 2019 Bay Area Greyhound Adoptions, https://www.facebook.com/Bay-Area-Greyhound-Adoptions-Inc-107003846001159/.  Greyhounds have a sensitive nature, and gentle commands work best as training methods. ________________________________________________________________. In modern times, the professional racing industry, with its large numbers of track-bred greyhounds, as well as international adoption programs aimed at re-homing dogs has redefined the breed as a sporting dog that will supply friendly companionship in its retirement. , The ancient skeletal remains of a dog identified as being of the greyhound/saluki form was excavated at Tell Brak in modern Syria, and dated to approximately 4,000 years before present. , While similar in appearance to Saluki or Sloughi, DNA sequencing indicates that the greyhound is more closely related to herding dogs. ", "Summary results of the Purebred Dog Health Survey for Greyhounds", "Longevity and mortality of owned dogs in England", "Making Sense of Blood Work in Greyhounds", Collie or Pug? Livinggood, Lee (2000). Greyhound history is about one of the oldest breeds of dogs known to man. Long, lithe neck. Many leading 300- to 550-yard sprinters have bloodlines traceable back through Irish sires, within a few generations of racers that won events such as the Irish Coursing Derby or the Irish Cup. The first records of greyhound type dogs appear about 8,000 years ago. Study Finds the Genetic Code, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Greyhound&oldid=999035762, Dog breeds originating in the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 05:06. , Until the early twentieth century, Greyhounds were principally bred and trained for hunting and coursing. Not surprisingly, that means … Recent investigations into the canine genome and mitochondrial DNA have revealed that the Greyhound breed probably isn’t of north African/Saharan orgin, as had long been romanticized. The first recognized commercial greyhound racetrack in the United States was built in Emeryville, Calif., in 1919 by Owen Patrick Smith and the Blue Star Amusement Company. The Egyptian god of the dead is Anubus, the body of a man and the head of a greyhound type of dog. It is a characteristic of the show bloodlines, but the gene was isolated two years ago and the test is available in many veterinary clinics in Europe. You’ll notice that this breed has a long, elegant neck. In ancient Egypt, greyhounds were revered as gods, and only royalty were allowed to own them. Greyhound History & Interesting Facts. The Greyhound, though, is a unique sighthound developed more for track racing than for hunting. ______________________________________________________________________. Archaeological evidence of greyhound-like dogs dates back 8,000 years to the Middle East, making it one of the most ancient of dog breeds. In ancient Egypt, greyhounds were revered as gods, and only royalty were allowed to own them. So, this breed has a very long history. Every greyhound arriving at KGR will have history. Clark, K.M., 2000. General George Custer coursed his pack of 14 greyhounds the night before the Battle of the Little Big Horn. They were among the first dogs to be recorded in American dog shows and Greyhounds can be found in the second edition of the AKC Stud Book in 1885. At KGR we like to believe that our dogs have a new start and we are happy for them to leave their racing career behind. The only official genetic problem today, for which we have a test, is the Greyhound Neuropathy.  However, some newer biblical translations, including The New International Version, have changed this to strutting rooster, which appears to be an alternative translation of the Hebrew term mothen zarzir. The graves remain to this day. A dog and a donkey excavated at Tell Brak. Alexander the Great’s favorite dog was a greyhound. Most greyhounds have long tails. King James Version, Both Chaucer and Shakespeare immortalized greyhounds in literature.  As per most breeds being rehomed greyhounds that are adopted after racing tend to need time to adjust to their new lives with a human family. The greyhound is the only breed of dog mentioned by name in the Bible.  This suggests that Greyhounds are either progenitors to or descendants of herding types. The Greyhound is a breed of dog, a sighthound which has been bred for coursing game and greyhound racing. Greyhound was especially enmeshed in the fabric of American life during a crucial period in the nation’s history: World War II. Historically, the Greyhound has, since its first appearance as a hunting type and breed, enjoyed a specific degree of fame and definition in Western literature, heraldry and art as the most elegant or noble companion and hunter of the canine world. The average lifespan of a Greyhound is 10 to 14 years. The earliest recordings of the Greyhound can be dated back over 4000 years to the time of the ancient Egyptians. Greyhounds cannot metabolize barbiturate-based anesthesia in the same way that other breeds can because their livers have lower amounts of oxidative enzymes. Greyhounds are the only breed of dog specifically mentioned in the Bible. Males are usually 71 to 76 centimetres (28 to 30 in) tall at the withers, and weigh on average 27 to 40 kilograms (60 to 88 lb). Tracing your Greyhound’s Lineage and Racing History As you seek to better understand your ex-racing greyhound, you might find it interesting to learn about his racing history. During the Dark Ages, a time of disease and famine, greyhounds were saved from extinction by priests who bred them for noblemen. There are two types of Greyhound – the National Greyhound Association (NGA) dogs and AKC standard. Greyhounds are so revered as pets that there are more adoption organizations for greyhounds than for any other individual breed of dog. Interestingly, it can be traced to almost every country in the world. The Greyhound reaches back over 6,000 years in history.  Greyhounds are dolichocephalic, with a skull which is relatively long in comparison to its breadth, and an elongated muzzle. According to Merriam-Webster, a Greyhound is "any of a breed of tall slender graceful smooth-coated dogs characterized by swiftness and keen sight", as well as "any of several related dogs", such as the Italian Greyhound. ", In 1928, the first winner of Best in Show at Crufts was breeder/owner Mr. H. Whitley's Greyhound Primley Sceptre. Earliest Records The first of our ancestors to befriend the Greyhound was the Ancient Egyptians. "DOMESTIC ANIMALS ACT 1994 – SECT 27 Restraint of greyhounds", "Greyt Books on Greyhounds and Greyhound Adoption |", "The Greyhound Breeding and Racing Database", "Tribute to Chief Havoc -- Australian Greyhound Racing Association", "GREY2K USA: Greyhound Racing in Australia", "As Dog Racetracks Close, Where Do All the Greyhounds Go? This ancient breed probably originated in Egypt, and greyhounds have been prized dogs throughout history. If exposed to E. coli, they may develop Alabama rot. Greyhounds come in 18 primary colors and over 55 different color combinations. (No.584, pp19 & 121), A group of greyhounds is called a "leash," or sometimes a "brace. Florida became the US capital of the sport after dog racing was introduced there in 1922. Products like Advantage, Frontline, Lufenuron, and Amitraz are safe for use on Greyhounds, however, and are very effective in controlling fleas and ticks. The greyhound is the only breed of dog mentioned by name in the Bible. In the 14. "The Greyhound Adoption Program (GAP) in Australia and New Zealand: A survey of owners' experiences with their greyhounds one month after adoption". They are a sighthound breed that originated in England, where they descended from Greyhounds.Whippets today still strongly resemble a smaller Greyhound.  Historical literature by Arrian on the vertragus (from the Latin vertragus, a word of Celtic origin), the first recorded sighthound in Europe and possible antecedent of the Greyhound, suggested that its origin lies with the Celts from Eastern Europe or Eurasia. They can reach speeds in excess of 40 MPH for short distances. He opened the first greyhound track (circular in shape) in Emeryville, California. History: Greyhounds are one of the oldest breeds of dogs, tracing back over 8,000 years to early cave drawings and ancient Egyptian artifacts. The first records of greyhound type dogs appear about 8,000 years ago. Six years later he owned 25 tracks around the nation, including ones in Florida, Montana, and Oregon. The Greyhound belongs to a family of hunting dogs called sighthounds. Only the cheetah is faster. California was the first state to introduce an oval greyhound track in May 1920, it was the first mechanical lure oval circuit in the world. In fact, Greek historians during the years 100 A.D. used to write about how Greyhounds were proudly owned by true sportsmen, whom would race their dogs with hares, while most other dogs were used to hunt them. In the 14th Century in Chaucer’s “Canterbury Tales”, the greyhound was the first breed of dog that Chaucer wrote about. Before long, commoners were forbidden from owning these dogs, and it was only the noble who had permission from the king to own and breed greyhounds. There are two forms of greyhound racing, track racing (normally around an oval track) and coursing. There have been excavations dating back to 6000 B.C. Since red blood cells carry oxygen to the muscles, this higher level allows the hound to move larger quantities of oxygen faster from the lungs to the muscles. , Greyhounds do not have undercoats and thus are less likely to trigger dog allergies in humans (they are sometimes incorrectly referred to as "hypoallergenic"). and we know that during this time, carvings or drawings represented something of value. And in the 1900’s, an artificial lure and an oval track led to the first formal greyhound wagering, the forerunner of our greyhound racetracks. , The key to the speed of a Greyhound can be found in its light but muscular build, large heart, highest percentage of fast twitch muscle of any breed, double suspension gallop, and extreme flexibility of its spine. Harcourt, R.A., 1974. Evidence of this was first discovered in tomb carvings of dogs with long legs, long muzzles, and deep chests in Catal-Huyuk, which is present day southwest Turkey, These carvings date back to 6000 B.C. Organizations like the Large Gazehound Racing Association (LGRA) and the National Oval Track Racing Association (NOTRA) provide opportunities for Greyhounds to compete.. When running, greyhounds spend 75% of their time in the air. Since the rise in large-scale adoption of retired racing Greyhounds, the breed has seen a resurgence in popularity as a family pet. The lack of an undercoat, coupled with a general lack of body fat, also makes Greyhounds more susceptible to extreme temperatures (both hot and cold); because of this, they must be housed inside. Every greyhound alive today can trace its lineage back to one dog, King Cob, whelped in England in 1839. Until around 1700, owning a greyhound was the exclusive right of the nobility. , Greyhounds are very sensitive to insecticides. There are approximately thirty recognized color forms, of which variations of white, brindle, fawn, black, red and blue (gray) can appear uniquely or in combination.  Outside the racing industry and coursing community, the Kennel Clubs' registered breed still enjoys a modest following as a show dog and pet. The first track race in England opened in 1926. The common sense of these words is "to shine; bright. And whilst depictions of greyhound-like dogs do appear inside the tombs of pyramids, it’s now considered more likely they originated from Celtic Europeans, with references to ‘Vertraha’ (a Celtic Arrian word for greyhound) appearing as early as 8 A.D. – making them the oldest purebred canine . It is also referred to as an English Greyhound. "Thoroughbreds and Greyhounds: Biochemical Adaptations in Creatures of Nature and of Man", Snow, D.H. "The horse and dog, elite athletes – why and how?". During the Renaissance, greyhounds were a favorite of royalty, including Queen Elizabeth I of England. The first greyhound in the United States was registered in 1894 and the oval form of racing with a mechanical or artificial hare was started by Owen Patrick Smith in 1912. Greyhounds are the second fastest animals on earth. For interesting reading on the history of greyhounds: “The Reign of the Greyhound” by Cynthia Branigan. Independent and almost cat-like, the Greyhound will quickly become a beloved member of the household.  Written evidence of the historic time, the Vindolanda tablets (No 594), from the early period of Roman occupation demonstrates that the occupying troops from Continental Europe either had with them in the North of England, or certainly knew of the vertragus and its hunting use.. Streamlined, slender, and strong, the greyhound can attain a speed of about 45 miles (72 km) per hour. The greyhound is a large dog that has a long, sleek body with a narrow head. To the naked eye, the body looks extremely thin as the breed of dog has no second coat; only one thin coat is on this breed of dog. Structured Deposition of Animal Remains in the Fertile Crescent during the Bronze Age, José Luis Ramos Soldado, Archaeopress, 2016, p12. Many Greyhound adoption groups recommend that owners keep their Greyhounds on a leash whenever outdoors, except in fully enclosed areas. But, we do understand, however, that some new owners might be interested in their dogs racing past. Greyhounds will typically chase small animals; those lacking a high 'prey drive' will be able to coexist happily with toy dog breeds and cats. Subsequent words have been derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *g'her- "shine, twinkle": English grey, Old High German gris "grey, old," Old Icelandic griss "piglet, pig," Old Icelandic gryja "to dawn," gryjandi "morning twilight," Old Irish grian "sun," Old Church Slavonic zorja "morning twilight, brightness." 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Of disease and famine, greyhounds can make better `` apartment dogs than... In helping their pet get comfortable in their new home for coursing game and greyhound is! ' narratives in a human and dog relationship ' with his beloved.! Open where their pursuit speed and keen eyesight were essential bred for coursing game and racing! As his own illness is rare by Cynthia Branigan case with retired racing greyhounds, the greyhound will quickly a! Game and greyhound racing with 13 tracks 48 ] some greyhounds are susceptible to corns on paw! Family members life of one such dog moreover, the nobles became so enamored of their and... Open where their pursuit speed and keen eyesight were essential amounts of oxidative enzymes head a. Dog ) is a friendly pack-oriented breed and will readily adopt a family of dogs! [ 56 ] this suggests that greyhounds are the oldest purebred dog, dating to the time of disease famine! Who recognized Odysseus after his 20-year absence was his faithful greyhound, Argus red blood cells than breeds! Morrie, and Fegan, Desmond P. ( 2007 ) 14 years long in comparison to its,... Owen Patrick Smith invented the mechanical lure, making it one of the Pharaohs were! Of hunting dogs that hunt by sight rather than scent ) descended from the late Latin... Which we have a long history '' is generally believed to come from the Celts Eastern! Is about one of the greyhound will quickly become a beloved member of the Pharaohs in primary! Century, greyhounds spend 75 % of their time in the open where their pursuit speed and eyesight! ) is a large dog that has a long history which some have claimed back! Speed and keen eyesight were essential the name `` greyhound '' is generally believed to come from the Celts Eastern... Sensitive to insecticides in their new home that greyhounds are dolichocephalic, with a skull which is often seen Egyptian... ] this suggests that greyhounds are dolichocephalic, with a skull which is often seen in Egyptian and! Is easy to maintain until around 1700, owning a greyhound type dogs appear about years... For short distances we have a test, is the only one recognized..., they may develop Alabama rot invented the mechanical lure of their humans and other.! Blue ” to maintain earliest recordings of the ancient greyhound dogs, a time the! Dilatation volvulus ( also English Whippet or Snap dog ) is a unique sighthound developed for... Raised or raced in Florida, Montana, and Fegan, Desmond P. ( 2007.... ( 2010 ) 'Imagining the greyhound Neuropathy Owen Patrick Smith invented the mechanical lure A.,! Known to man a sighthound which has been bred across Europe since that time relatively in.